TIPS ´N TRIX FOR WINDOWS 10!
THERE ARE TOO MANY MYTHS ABOUT COMPUTERS, ABOUT WINDOWS AND IT´S SECURITY, ETC.
THIS IS WINGUIDER'S PAGE WHERE WE SLOWLY BUT SURELY SORT OUT WHAT REALLY APPLIES..
WE ALSO DEBUNK MYTHS LIKE "WINDOWS IS LESS SECURE THAN LINUX" (THE ANSWERS YOU SEE ON THE REST OF THE SITE) AND THE MYTH THAT "THE PAGING FILE CAN BE TURNED OFF IF YOU HAVE ENOUGH RAM", ALL THE WAY TO THE MYTHS THAT YOU SHOULD INSTALL "CLEANERS, BOOSTERS, DRIVERDOWNLOADERS", REGISTRY CLEANERS, ETC. WHEN THESE REALLY ARE A RELIC OF THE EARLY PC STONE AGE (WINDOWS 3.11/ WIN95 ETC.)
THE EASIEST WAY TO CREATE MORE SECURE PASSWORDS, IS TO USE THE POPULAR: WinGuider-method
Passwords are much more important than most people think.. Which is shown in this
list of the most commonly used passwords! As everyone understands, ALL these passwords
are far too easy to figure out, which is often the reason why different accounts/apps
are getting "Hacked".. This is what the “WinGuider-Method” eliminates.
- Since most of this "hacking" most often is done by ways to figure out the password or it´s Hash, it´s very easy to avoid these “hackings” simply by using the popular WINGUIDER-METHOD to create more secure, proper passwords that at the same time are easy to remember and easy to type..
The WinGuider-method is where you make up a sentence of at least 8 words, you then enter the 1st character of each word as a password.. The sentence "My cat Meow has black and white fur" forms the much more secure password: McMhbawf or McMhb&wf all this while being easy to remember and to type!
This new password is much, much safer than using the name of: partner's, children's, pets, etc. Or their dates of birth, etc. that far too many people use as passwords.
The WinGuider-Method is so simple that you can easily teach it to both children and the elderly, and everyone in between.
And the result is much, much safer than your regular passwords! Much less likely to be “hacked”
ON GENERAL REQUEST: HOW TO OBTAIN WINDOWS 10 (license required)
Let's begin from scratch! Whether you have a new built PC with an empty hard drive, or you have inserted a new harddrive into your old computer!
Then you need to follow this!
- To begin with, you need a USB stick of at least 8GB. And you need to have any sort of license (No matter if it is: win10 PRO or HOME).
Take hold of your USB-stick, browse to: https://www.microsoft.com/software-download/windows10 (Language neutral, fits ALL languages!)
Scroll down! Select: Download the tool now, Save the file to your computer's SHARED DOWNLOADS folder (C:/Users/Public/Downloads), when complete, Make sure to sign in with your PC´s ADMINISTRATORS account, the MEDIA CREATORS TOOL only works when logged in as an administrators-account.
Start File Explorer, in the address bar above: type: %Public% Press Enter!, Nowall your computer's SHARED FOLDERS are displayed, double-click: Public downloaded files where you will find the file: MEDIA CREATION TOOL That you double-click then accept the UAC.
Review and: Approve License, Then Select: Create Installation Media for Another Computer, Set: YOUR Preferred Language
o Select: Windows 10 and 64-bit
o Select YOUR USB-stick, Then select: Create Media, when finished, select: Exit.
Congrats! You now have a USB stick, ready for your upcoming installation of Windows 10. For best results, you should at least buy the UNATTEND-tutorial or 3in1-tutorial and extract the unique HELP-files to your USB-stick (directly to the stick, not into any existing folder)
Then you simply connect your newly created USB-stick to your computer, Power on the
computer, quickly starts to repeatedly depress THE CORRECT FUNCTION KEY to to enter:
bootmenu. Where you choose your USB-stick so your PC will temporarily boot from your
Then you simply follow the instructions in the tutorials.
LEARN HOW EASY IS IS TO SAFELY SHARE FILES WITHIN YOUR OWN HOME NETWORK!
Shared folders is an often forgotten feature that is built into Windows..
This article will try to give you a picture of what they can be used for and show how easy it is to use these folders..
Windows built-in "Shared Folders" (public folders in eng.) can be easily used to share files with OTHER USERS ON THE SAME COMPUTER, or with OTHER COMPUTERS ON THE SAME LOCAL NETWORK.
SO WHERE DO YOU FIND THESE FOLDERS?
If you start Windows File Explorer, and scroll to "C:\users\public" you will see all of these folders. (All local users can access ALL these folders simply by scrolling to the folders. Users on other computers must connect to these folders..)
The folders initially contain no files, so users must copy the desired files to the respective Folder. And YES! If necessary, you may create new folders in addition to those that already exist..
OK THEN! I HAVE FOUND THE FOLDERS IN MY COMPUTER, BUT HOW DO I DISTRIBUTE THE FOLDERS TO OTHER COMPUTERS???
Access to these folders over the network is normally disabled, so each computer must manually enable the external access to these folders.. Here's how it's done:
1: Open control panel, select: Network and Sharing Center, then select: Open advanced sharing settings,
2: Under "Private Network", "Enable Network Discovery", and "Enable File and Printer Sharing" shall be enabled (highlighted),
3: Then click on "DOWN Arrow-icon" at: ALL NETWORKS. Select: Enable sharing so that anyone with network access can..., And let "protect file sharing connections.. With 128bit encryption.." be activated.. (For stronger protection),
4: Under "Password-protected sharing" you can choose:
"disable password-protected sharing", each user who has a computer plugged into your local network will then have access to your shared folders.. (Guests should therefore only be able to access your guest network)
Note! It is very important that you in your routers settings please check 2 things:
-Enable GUEST NETWORKS, so all your visitors can get internet access without accessing your private shared files.. (This is because guest networks run in their own "channel" separated from your private network..)
- check that A(ccess)P(oint)-isolation is NOT enabled (if it is on, no computer can see any other computer or even a shared printer) Please see your routers manual for more help...
Now you don´t have to share files via USB-sticks, e-mails or shared OneDrive-shares.. You get them faster and SAFER straight from the sharing computer!
TO BE CONTINUED!
WORK IN PROGRESS….
International tutorials on how to install Windows 10 correctly!
© 2003 All rights reserved. Thomas Ekström, Bålsta, Sweden, WinGuider.se (who runs
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THE TRUTH ABOUT WINDOWS PAGING FILE!
HOW IS THE PAGEFILE USED? AND SHOULD YOU EVER DISABLE YOUR PAGE-FILE?
As a WINDOWS TECHNICIAN, you are regularly appalled by all the lousy tweaking/optimization advice that abounds on the internet, and the advice that disabling windows paging is one of the most common directly inaccurate "optimizations" that ignorant people diligently disseminate.
Let's examine some of the myths surrounding the page-file and expose them once and for all.
So what is the Windows paging file used for?
Simply put, ALL operating systems use a paging file to release RAM when that particular memory is no longer actively used.. For example, if you have 20 tabs opened in your browser.. You may use one or two of these diligently.. The others hold inactive data (since you don't use these tabs). So these other 18 tabs needlessly, only LOCKS UP a lot of RAM to absolutely no avail..
HERE IS WHERE THE MEMORY MANAGER COMES INTO THE PICTURE.. Its job is to keep track of all memory (Physical Memory (=RAM) as virtual (RAM, paging file & temporary files) and to ensure that ALL memory is used as EFFICIENTLY as possible..
- And in the situation above, with many inactive tabs opened in the browser, the memory manager moves away, the currently inactive data (acc. Special rules), from ram to the paging file..
THIS FREES UP RAM FOR OTHER THINGS! (As if, for example, you decide to Start Word)..
Now! If no paging file is available, then the computer would soon run out of physical (RAM) memory and a bunch of problems occur.. (You'll see error messages that there's not enough memory, etc.)
So when only INACTIVE data is temporarily moved to the paging file, this does NOT adversely affect performance, quite the contrary.. So YES! The paging file must ALWAYS be present and be used, and the pagefile must be of an adequate size..
The 3in1-GUIDES that WinGuider offers has automatically ensured that each installation receives a fixed paging file of 5Gb. Which is more than enough for private use! And NO! The computer DOES NOT FILL UP the paging file, just because it exists. The only thing this setting does is to reduce the hard drives free space by 5Gb from programs etc. Something that very rarely is a problem..
The normal setting, with a very small initial paging file that Windows later CAN expand in size when the need arises, has several drawbacks. The biggest drawback is that it takes a lot of processing power to expand the paging file, which is usually unfortunate because the computer is usually at its most loaded, just when more paging is needed.. So using a paging file that is fixed (as large a minimum size as maximum size) will only provide benefits. Your computer will always have enough paging file when needed, without wasting processing power because the paging file is already there...
This against the cost of a few Gb less disk area to programs, etc.. In most cases, this is a pure performance gain for your computer..
1: ”YOU HAVE SO MUCH RAM THAT YOU CAN DISABLE THE PAGING FILE”
Already here you can see that there is a total lack of knowledge about how computers work.. No matter how much memory you have, all computer systems are built to use a paging file..
The claim seems to stem from the fact that the paging file would be something negative, something that burdens the computer.. However, based on the explanation above, you should now understand that only (currently) INACTIVE data is temporarily transferred to the paging file.. To free some RAM-memory!
The big problem with disabling the paging file is that after you exhaust the available RAM, your applications will start crashing, as there is no virtual memory for Windows to allocate – and worst case crashes or makes the Windows system unstabile. And if it's a program that crashes, it goes down hard – there's no time to save your work or do anything else. This causes loss of the data that has not yet been saved.. That is Very bad!
CLAIM NO:1 IS THUS DIRECTLY FALSE AND ONLY DAMAGES THE PERFORMANCE OF YOUR COMPUTER!
2: ”THE PAGING FILE SHALL BE AT LEAST 1,5 Times PHYSICAL RAM”
This claim was true in the early PC-Stone Age, when drivers often malfunctioned and crashed servers and computers. In order to solve the problem (so it did not occur again) THEN YOU HAD TO HAVE FULL MEMORY DUMP (ie. FULL RAM + a little more, so the system could work helpfully during the crash DUMP process). Therefore, it was considered at THAT TIME that the paging file should be at least 1.5 times the RAM. And today, a full memory dump is no longer required (especially not in privately owned computers) so there is no longer any REASON for this "minimum requirement”.. Why this rule has lost its function.
Today, ALL CORRECT drivers are certified for Windows 10 and very rarely cause these problems. Therefore, no one needs to have a full memory dump anymore, wherein the size of the paging file does not really have any connection to the amount of RAM anymore! Note! WinGuider's 3in1-guides automatically specify a minimal memory dump of 256Kb and set a fixed paging file á 5Gb which is good enough in 99% of cases.
CLAIM NO:2 IS THEREFORE NO LONGER RELEVANT! = A MISUNDERSTANDING!
3: ”THE PAGING FILE SHALL BE PLACED ON ANOTHER HARD DRIVE"
This myth is based on that, IIF you have an extra PHYSICAL hard drive in your computer, you can reduce the load on the hard drive that Windows is installed on. And earlier, in the early PC-STONE AGE, when hard drives were slow with low read and write speed, there was some truth to this, when by moving the main paging file to the second hard drive you could reduce the load slightly, but you had to keep a small paging file of a few hundred Mb on C: Since the eventlogging requires this.
In reality, Ther pagingfile is actually not written to that much, BUT.. Even today you still have to have a small paging file on c: Since Event Viewer requires this..
And today you also have such fast hard drives, with a great deal of CACHE that it doesn't matter, performance-wise, anymore.. Much thanks to the fact that the data written to the paging file is written in so small portions that it is usually handled by the hard drives cache, so today it makes less sense to move most of the paging file to hard disk no:2.for performance reasons.
CLAIM NO:3 IS TODAY ONLY PARTIALLY TRUE! DEPENDING ON THE APPLICATIONS USED IN THE COMPUTER!
THE ANSWER TO THE QUESTION: WHEN SHOULD THE PAGING FILE BE DISABLED = NEVER EVER!
In an ordinary installation of Windows, you may possibly switch to a FIXED paging file (=enter the same initial value as the maximum value) while in a computer installed with WinGuiders 3in1-installation, you probably NEVER need to change the pagefile settings.
And if your computer has performance problems, Begin by INCREASING THE AMOUNT OF RAM, AND THEN RE-INSTALL THE COMPUTER CORRECTLY (eg. Via a WinGuider-guide), Also check if any software needs to be upgraded due to Memory leakage, etc.
If your computer has a small amount of RAM, Like 4Gb of RAM etc., then its best to stop using memory-intensive browsers (like Chrome and firefox), instead you should use the built-in EDGE as a browser. And have fewer tabs and applications up and running at the same time.
Thats just about it about the pagefile! Read this to learn more!